Knee injuries are the most common joint ailments. According to experts, every year, hundreds of thousands of athletes and young people visit orthopedic surgeons to get knee surgeries. So, you may want to know how knee injuries are treated.
But before getting into the treatment process, let us discuss what the structure of the knee is like. Simply put, the knee joint is a hinge joint which is situated within the shin bone and thigh bone. Our legs simply move by contraction of these muscles.
In the front of the knee, there exists the knee cap. Mostly, whenever there is a knee injury due to high impact, the kneecap is fractured. This can be painful, albeit a treatable thing with a surgery and some rest.
However, some severe types of knee injuries can limit the motion of your leg for life. So, it is important for you to always take care of your knees and to avoid activities that are way too extreme.
Different types of knee issues and their treatments
Now, let us look at the type of issues that occur with different types of knee issues. These include:
Simply put, the knee joint sits between a connective tissue known as ligament. Sometimes, excessive force or twists can produce a lot of force, which directly acts on the knee join.
For instance, repeatedly stopping while sprinting or jumping high can often result in the ligaments stretching above their limits. Hence, due to tearing, the ligaments may end up bleeding internally causing a swelling, laxity, and pain.
This is just one of the issues with the knee that require surgery. After all, it is not possible for an ACL that has ruptured to heal by itself. This is where the need of a reconstructive surgery lies.
Along with that, muscles are also joined with the joints, with the help of tendons. So, when they get overstretched, it can result in tearing and bleeding. However, often at times, issues with tendons get resolved on their own and do not necessarily need a surgery.
All that you require in this case is some rest and topical medicines. Perhaps a painkiller may also be required depending on your level of discomfort. So, make sure that you have it.
Extra strips known as cartilage exist on both sides of the knee joint. These are known as semilunar cartilages. Now, knee injuries are often occurring due to a split or a torn meniscus. Sometimes, severe twisting or impact especially when you are bearing weights can result in tearing of the cartilage.
The symptoms of this include pain, inability to move, swelling, and a lot more. The only way to treat this issue is to get surgical trimming of the torn cartilage. This can be removed without resulting in instability of the joint. So, there is not much to worry about in this case.
Giving first aid
Within the first 48 to 72 hours, first aid could be very necessary. This involves a number of steps or activities. First of all, stop using the knee joint right away and try not to work your way through. It is important to rest the joint at this point.
Make use of icepacks to reduce the swelling and pain for the first 15 minutes. Then, apply it after every few hours.
Though, it is much better to contact a doctor right away. In this regard, make sure that you are contacting the highest-end knee injury doctor Woodbridge. This will ensure recovery much faster. In comparison, if you choose a low-end clinic, your recovery could get delayed.